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Breed registration is an important step in documenting vast animal genetic resource: Minister Radha Mohan Singh


Mr Singh said breed registration is an important step in documenting the animal genetic resource and that this process will lead to preparation of an inventory of genetic resources

By Team ABLE

“There is a need to protect native animal genetic diversity in the global scenario of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Intellectual Property Rights,” said Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Mr Radha Mohan Singh, while distributing certificates to Animal Breed Registration. Five out of 9 newly registered breeds are from North Eastern states.

Union Minister, Mr Radha Mohan Singh said breed registration is an important step in documenting the vast animal genetic resource and related knowledge and information and that this process will lead to preparation of an inventory of our genetic resources so that systematic efforts can be made for genetic improvement, conservation and sustainable utilization of these resources.

Mr Singh said that a large number of livestock and poultry breeds have evolved in India due to the fact that, they have diverse use and utility and found in varied climate and ecological zones.

Union Agriculture Minister said that with the advent of era of national sovereignty on genetic resources under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), a new approach is required to catalogue and describe the animal breeds. There is a need to protect our native animal genetic diversity in the light of the global scenario after World Trade Organization (WTO) and Intellectual Property Rights.

Understanding the diversity, distribution, basic characteristics, comparative performance, and current status of each country\'s animal genetic resources is essential for their efficient and sustainable use, improvement, and conservation. Effective management of diversity of our native animals requires complete National List and periodic monitoring of the trends and associated risks. I feel that in the absence of such information, some animal breeds may fall significantly in population or even become extinct.

On the occasion Mr Singh also mentioned that understanding the need for an authentic national documentation system of valuable sovereign animal genetic resources along with known characteristics, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) introduced a process for the registration of \"Livestock and Poultry Breeds\" through National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Karnal, in 2007.

This system is the only recognized process for registration of \"animal genetic resources\" at national level. Once registered, these genetic materials are included in the public sector, so that we can prepare an inventory for genetic improvement, conservation, and sustainable use of these resources. This type of documenting process helps to create a sense of awareness and ownership among local communities, policy makers, and research and development organizations.